Bunions are a foot deformity caused by a misalignment of bones that connect at the joint of the base of the big toe. This deformity causes a bony protrusion at this joint, which then causes the big toe to lean toward the other toes, rather than pointing straight forward. Certain factors can make a person more likely to develop a bunion, such as wearing high-heeled shoes regularly, overpronating, and having certain genetic factors, loose ligaments, or other anomalies in foot structure. Aside from having an irregular appearance, a bunion can cause pain, swelling, numbness, or burning in the big toe joint and/or in the first metatarsal bone (in the forefoot). It may also be difficult to walk or find shoes that fit. It is a good idea to begin treating a bunion as soon as possible for the best results in correcting it. If you already have a fully developed bunion, or believe one is forming, make an appointment with your podiatrist for an examination and evaluation.
What Is a Bunion?
Bunions are painful bony bumps that usually develop on the inside of the foot at the joint of the big toe. As the deformity increases over time, it may become painful to walk and wear shoes. Women are more likely to exacerbate existing bunions since they often wear tight, narrow shoes that shift their toes together. Bunion pain can be relieved by wearing wider shoes with enough room for the toes.
In order to diagnose your bunion, your podiatrist may ask about your medical history, symptoms, and general health. Your doctor might also order an x-ray to take a closer look at your feet. Nonsurgical treatment options include orthotics, padding, icing, changes in footwear, and medication. If nonsurgical treatments don’t alleviate your bunion pain, surgery may be necessary.
If you have any questions, please feel free to contact our office located in Ann Arbor, MI. We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot care needs.
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At Arbor - Ypsi Foot & Ankle Centers in Ann Arbor, Michigan, we identify your unique foot and ankle needs and develop a highly effective and individualized treatment plan to resolve them. Our experts will work relentlessly to make you feel better and put your best foot forward.