A bunion is a bony bump that forms along the base of the big toe. Bunions can cause pain and stiffness in the affected foot, as well as swelling. Sometimes surgery, also known as a bunionectomy, may be necessary to correct the deformity and relieve the pain. You may consider bunion surgery if you have severe pain when walking, even when you're wearing flat comfortable shoes, or when you are unable to bend or straighten the big toe. Other reasons to consider surgery can be chronic inflammation of the big toe that doesn't go away with rest or medicine, if the big toe becomes deformed, or if the big toe bends towards the smaller toes. A podiatrist can evaluate the severity of your bunion and determine if surgery is the correct method of treatment for you.
What Is a Bunion?
A bunion is formed of swollen tissue or an enlargement of boney growth, usually located at the base joint of the toe that connects to the foot. The swelling occurs due to the bones in the big toe shifting inward, which impacts the other toes of the foot. This causes the area around the base of the big toe to become inflamed and painful.
Why Do Bunions Form?
Genetics – Susceptibility to bunions are often hereditary
Stress on the feet – Poorly fitted and uncomfortable footwear that places stress on feet, such as heels, can worsen existing bunions
How Are Bunions Diagnosed?
Doctors often perform two tests – blood tests and x-rays – when trying to diagnose bunions, especially in the early stages of development. Blood tests help determine if the foot pain is being caused by something else, such as arthritis, while x-rays provide a clear picture of your bone structure to your doctor.
How Are Bunions Treated?
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At Arbor - Ypsi Foot & Ankle Centers in Ann Arbor, Michigan, we identify your unique foot and ankle needs and develop a highly effective and individualized treatment plan to resolve them. Our experts will work relentlessly to make you feel better and put your best foot forward.